Tokenism – a symbolic effort to showcase diversity in spaces without an actual appreciation for the underrepresented communities being used for the showcase. To summarize it all, you can call tokenism the guy who says “I can’t be racist, I have black friends”. This has become a practice most commonly seen in workplaces where people would be asked to contirbute from a racial or community perspective instead of a personal perspective. This undermines the person’s intellect and esentially put an entire community of people in a stereotypical box.
Intersectionality is a hard concept to grasp. There are books written about it and there are debates discussing this single complexity. My understanding of it is that it is the further comprehension of discrimination and oppression by looking at the conglomerate of identities held by an individual or a community. The impact of multiple identities being victimized by oppression may change because of the cultural present, and it is to be expected because intersectionality looks different for each individual as the identities see a variation amongst the populous.
Tools of Opression
There are a gigantuous number of words that describe the equally many different ways people have been discriminated against over quite some time. The umbrella term for these words has come to be known as tools of oppression. Each of these tools has been used in rather creative ways, and history can give multiple examples of injustices towards people through the employment of such tools. Read more about the tools of oppression here – http://staff.washington.edu/saki/strategies/101/oppression.htm
After fawning over fair-skinned models with a zero figure, when Lizzo came along with songs about body positivity and self-affirmation, millions of people gawked with starry eyes at the confidence she held. When actress Radhika Apte was outshining her fair-skinned counterparts through a noteworthy partnership with Netflix, millions of people felt seen. Over quite some time, we have seen European standards reflect what beauty and acceptance looks like without thinking about what it does to our own communities. From internalized racism to an inferiority complex – the colonial era left us with scars that are hard to heal. Decolonial is the effort to move away from the western-centric ideology and towards opinions that promote a healthier reality in the context of our personal culture, in contrast to the western one.